The Grayling is a butterfly mostly associated with coastal grasslands. Its caterpillars feed exclusively on grasses, especially fescues, bents and hair-grasses. The adults seek out thistle, bramble and other flowers as sources of nectar and require plentiful areas of bare ground on which to bask to gain sufficient warmth to fly.
Dark Green Fritillaries used to be common on the Sefton Coast sand dunes but are now much scarcer, being confined to an area between Birkdale and Hightown. Previous inland sites have all seemingly been lost.